The quality of an elite athlete’s performance is not solely based on fitness levels or qualities such as strength, endurance, speed, explosiveness and flexibility. Numerous clinical studies inspired by the knowledge of Posturology have been conducted on elite athletes to demonstrate the importance of controlling vertical control and postural balance for athletic performance. The non-progression or the decrease in performance despite training, as well as recurrent injuries, are mostly related to an imbalance of the body in space. The mechanical components of pain, osteoarthritis or spinal deformities, are rarely taken into account.
Control of Verticality
Balance is designed from top to bottom. It is the lower limbs that must adapt to the verticality of the trunk. According to this neurophysiological principle, postural stability training should be built into every exercise program; but, above all, an assessment to measure the performance of postural stability is required.